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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

GONZALEZ A, Electra et al. PERCEPCIONES Y EXPERIENCIAS DEL INICIO SEXUAL DESDE UNA PERSPECTIVA DE GÉNERO, EN ADOLESCENTES CONSULTANTES EN UN CENTRO UNIVERSITARIO DE SALUD SEXUAL Y REPRODUCTIVA. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2010, vol.75, n.2, pp.84-90. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262010000200002.

Background: It is important to understand that the timing and context in which sexual intercourse is initiated, has signifcant personal and public health implications. Objective: To explore the factors that infuence the initiation of frst intercourse among adolescent females and males and the context in which this event occurs. Methods: A sample of sexually active teenagers both female and male, aged between 14 and 19 years, were recruited from a University Centre for Sexual and Reproductive Health Care (CEMERA), during 2007. One hundred and seventeen semi structural interviews were conducted. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. Meanings and interpretations that emerged were constantly verifed through subsequent inquiry. Results: The degree of personal control over the factors that led to their frst experience of intercourse determined how adolescents refected upon the experience. Those who were ready and felt well were more likely to have delayed intercourse until they were comfortable with when and with whom the sexual debut occurred. However, feelings of blame because the social norms were transgressed marked the event. In contrast, coercion from sexual partners and being under effect of alcohol were reasons for premature and unwanted frst experience of sexual intercourse. Conclusions: The role of peer interaction and abuse of alcohol, and the pressure from sexual partner to infuence in premature and unwanted sexual activity, may to generate educational interventions of greater personal relevance and impact to prevent risky sexual behaviors.

Palabras clave : Adolescence; sexual debut; sexual behavior; gender.

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