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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

BERTOGLIA F, Patricio et al. RESULTADOS CLÍNICOS Y PERINATALES DE LOS EMBARAZOS CON HIPERTENSIÓN ARTERIAL EN UN HOSPITAL DE REFERENCIA DE LA VIII REGIÓN DE CHILE. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2010, vol.75, n.3, pp.162-171. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262010000300004.

Aims: To know the clinical and biochemical spectra and perinatal outcomes associated with syndrome of hypertension in pregnancy (HP) in the Herminda Martin Hospital from Chilian. Methods: It is a retrospective study using clinical records with HP diagnosis (N=416) during 2006 to 2008. The available records were divided in three different groups according with arterial blood pressure: Group I (n=124) <140/90 mmHg; Group II (n=98) ³ 140-159/³ 90-109 mmHg and Group III (n=41)³ 160/110 mmHg. Additionally, a subset (n=85) was divided considering the percentile of the uric acid level in the mother as: HP with low (<p25th), middle (p25-75th) and high (>p75th) uric acid levels. The studied groups were analyzed and compared each other and quantitative variables were correlated with perinatal outcomes. Results: The prevalence of HP was 3.8%. Women in the groups II and III showed worse clinical and neonatal outcomes compared with women in the group I. Body mass index (BMI), maternal blood pressure and uric acid levels were negatively correlated with neonatal anthropometry. Moreover, neonatal anthropometry was lower in women with high uric acid levels, a situation that was independent of maternal hypertension or BMI. Conclusion: Hypertension in pregnancy was associated with high maternal and neonatal morbidity. This study allowed identifies some weaknesses (e.i., lack of compliance in diagnosis criteria) as well as suggest the potential role of perinatal risk markers (e.i., uric acid levels).

Palabras clave : Hypertension in pregnancy; clinical and perinatal outcomes.

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