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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

LEYTON M, Carolina; QUEZADA R, Daniela  y  MOLINA G, Temístocles. Perfil epidemiológico de adolescentes mujeres con antecedentes de agresión sexual consultantes en el área de salud mental de un centro de salud sexual y reproductiva. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2013, vol.78, n.1, pp.26-31. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262013000100005.

Objective: To describe the frequency and characteristic of child sexual aggression in adolescent women admitted to the Mental Health Unit of an Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Centre. Method: This is a cross-sectional and analytical study, clinical records were reviewed the between January 2006 and December 2009. The variables studied were: age of aggression, type and frequency of this aggression, sex, age and type of relationship with the perpetrator; disclosure and person who is informed and judicial complaint of sexual aggression. Results: The highest frequency of sexual aggression occurs in the preschool age (28.1%) and the most common is sexual abuse (73.8%), type of aggression is the most common in all ages. Most of the attacks were a single episode (59.3%). All the attackers were males and acquaintances or relatives of victims, 29.1% were under 18 years old. 36% never disclosure the assault. The 31.8% of unveiled attacks occurred in preschool. Only 14.1% made a judicial complaint. Conclusion: The majority of sexual assaults that occurred during childhood and adolescence are unveiled, nor legally reported maintaining a high level of silencing and difficulties by health equipment to support and treat victims.

Palabras clave : Child sexual abuse; sexual aggression; childhood; adolescence.

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