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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

ZEGERS HOCHSCHILD, Fernando; DICKENS, Bernard M  y  DUGHMAN MANZUR, Sandra. El derecho humano a la fecundación in vitro. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2014, vol.79, n.3, pp.229-235. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262014000300012.

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights has ruled that the Supreme Court of Costa Rica's 2000 judgment prohibiting in vitro fertilization (IVF) violated the human right to private and family life, the human right to found and raise a family, and the human right to non-discrimination on grounds of disability, financial means, or gender. The Court's conclusions of violations contrary to the American Convention on Human Rights followed from its ruling that, under the Convention, in vitro embryos are not "persons," and do not possess a right to life. Accordingly, the prohibition of IVF to protect embryos constituted a disproportionate and unjustifiable denial of infertile individuals' human rights. The Court distinguished fertilization from conception, since conception, unlike fertilization, depends on an embryo's implantation in a woman's body. Under human rights law, legal protection of an embryo "from conception" is inapplicable between its creation by fertilization and completion of its implantation in utero.

Palabras clave : Conception; Costa Rica; fertilization; human right to in vitro fertilization; infertility; American Court of Human Rights; in vitro fertilization.

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