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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versão On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumo

GONZALEZ A, Electra; MOLINA G, Temístocles  e  LUTTGES D, Carolina. Características de la educación sexual escolar recibida y su asociación con la edad de inicio sexual y uso de anticonceptivos en adolescentes chilenas sexualmente activas. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2015, vol.80, n.1, pp.24-32. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262015000100004.

Background: Comprehensive sex education in the school context is one of fundamental pillars to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections in adolescents. Aim: to analyze the characteristics of the sexuality information received in school and its association with age of sexual initiation and contraceptive use in adolescents consulting a center for sexual and reproductive health. Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study performed in 1,232 adolescent women of medium and low socio-economic status attending to a sexual and reproductive health center during 2007-2011. Information was obtained from a structured interview applied at first visit. Results: 92.8% reported receiving some form of sex education at school, 51.6% recognized the school as the main source of information on contraception. Having as a main source of knowledge in school contraceptives was associated with later sexual initiation and contraceptive use. Conclusion: The study results show that given the contraceptive prevalence (92.8%) knowledge and that only 1% of adolescents who had received sex education in their schools had been pregnant can say that sex education received by adolescents study was at least adequate.

Palavras-chave : Sex education; contraception; sex initiation; adolescents.

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