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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

SILVA D, Anamaría et al. Exposición a plaguicidas y prácticas de uso y protección en embarazadas de zona rurales en control de atención primaria en la región de Valparaíso, Chile. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2015, vol.80, n.5, pp.373-380. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262015000500004.

Background: Agriculture workers and rural dwellers are exposed to pesticide products. Sanitation policies attempt to regulate their use, but studies demonstrate that a significant percentage of workers and residents who are close to the productive zones are exposed to these chemicals. Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to pesticides. Aim: To identify the risk of exposure to pesticides and practices of pesticide handling in women under pregnancy control programs in Family Health Care Centers in two rural districts of the 5th Region. Method: Cross-sectional study, conducted during May 2013 and April 2014 on eighty women, who entered pregnancy control programs in either rural district. The health professionals of the Centers collected the data in a survey. Results: Most of the pregnant women declared having been in contact with pesticides at some point. Almost half of them had this contact in the same year of their interview, that is previous or during their pregnancy. The exposure to pesticides takes place in productive locations as well as residential areas. The preventive measures associated to the contact with pesticides are not sufficient. Rural populations are also exposed to aerial fumigations, which further limits preventive measures. Conclusion: Pregnant women living in a rural district may be permanently exposed to pesticides. Exposure to agrochemicals is not associated to safe prevention practices which increase the risk of exposure. Educational programs may aid to enhance safe pesticide use.

Palabras clave : Pesticides; maternal exposure; pregnancy; primary health care.

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