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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

ECHEVERRI, Lina et al. Traquelectomía radical laparoscópica en pacientes con cáncer de cuello uterino en estado IB1 en el Instituto de Cancerología - Las Américas, Medellín, Colombia. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2016, vol.81, n.1, pp.38-43. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262016000100007.

Objective: To review our experience with laparoscopic radical trachelectomy in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. Methods: We performed a observational descriptive retrospective review of all patients who underwent a laparoscopic radical trachelectomy at the Instituto de Cancerología - Las Americas, Medellin, Colombia, between May 2009 and January 2015. Results: 13 patients completed surgery, 12 patients (92%) were diagnosed as IB1 with tumor size less than 2 cm, and one patient received neoadjuvant chemotherapy due to a 3 cm cervical tumor; histology was squamous cell carcinoma in 7 patients (54%). Five patients (38%) showed no residual disease. The mean surgical time was 240 min (130-340 min); the estimated blood loss was 100 ml (50-200 ml). Two patients had a cystotomy during surgery; one of them developed a vesicovaginal fistula that healed spontaneously. No transfusions were given. No conversions were made. Mean hospital stay 1 day (1-3 day). 2 patients required laparoscopic hysterectomy. To date, no recurrence or pregnancies has been recorded with the median follow up 27.9 months (8.3-64.4 month). Conclusion: Laparoscopic radical trachelectomy is feasible and can be performed safely in a developing country in well-selected patients with early cervical cancer who wish to preserve their fertility. Follow up times are still too short to drive definitive conclusions on obstetric results. The oncological safety appears similar to that of the abdominal trachelectomy and/or vaginal.

Palabras clave : Uterine cervical neoplasm; fertility preservation; laparoscopic radical trachelectomy.

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