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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

VIGUERAS S, Andrés  y  ESCALONA M, Juan Raúl. Pólipos endometriales: Actualización en diagnóstico y tratamiento. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2016, vol.81, n.2, pp.152-158. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262016000200012.

Background: Endometrial polyps are benign nodular protrusions of the endometrial surface with clinical and pathological features of unknown origin. Its prevalence is high, especially in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding, it is associated with infertility and endometrial cancer, what constitutes a common and important disease. Aims: To review the pathogenesis, to update and evaluate diagnostic methods, and to define the best treatment options for this common condition. Methods: A systematic review of the published literature on the subject by searching PubMed database. Results: The pathogenesis is still unknown, it is a very heterogeneous disease and there is no single cause, there have been several findings related to genetic alterations. High definition ultrasonography, the hidrosonography and hysteroscopy are the current standard in diagnosis. Therapeutic options range from observation and follow up with images to the hysterectomy using contemporary biopsy, surgical hysteroscopy being the most cost effective method. Conclusion: The pathogenesis of endometrial polyps are currently under review, there is no theory to explain the genesis of all polyps. Contrast ultrasonography and hysteroscopy are standard in the diagnosis. In the treatment, the indication is histeroscopy surgery and especially electrosurgical resection, which allows complete removal of polyps, diagnostic and therapeutic approach, with low risk and low recurrence.

Palabras clave : Endometrial polyp; histeroscopy; resectoscopy.

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