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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

PANTOJA GARRIDO, Manuel et al. Shock séptico de origen ginecológico por Pasteurella multocida. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2017, vol.82, n.3, pp.322-329. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75262017000300322.

Pasteurella multocida is an opportunistic gammaproteobacteria which produces a zoonosis characterized clinically by developing majority respiratory pneumonia and atrophic rhinitis, even the clinical manifestations can be derived from the colonization of vascularized tissue and soft tissue of almost any organ, causing bleeding, dermonecrosis, cellulitis, meningitis, abscesses, sepsis, osteomyelitis or endocarditis, among others. This organism is transmitted to humans through bites, scratches or injuries caused by pets (especially cats and dogs), but also animals wild. The diagnosis is clinical, also leaning on a detailed anamnesis, and confirming through the bacterial growth in culture medium such as blood agar or chocolate agar samples from patients affected by this rare infection. With B-lactam antibiotic therapy for 2 or 3 weeks, is therapeutic base, although there is a high percentage of patients with resistance to them, and may need therapies based on other antibiotics as carbapenem, fluoroquinolones or tetracyclines. The lines of research are giving great importance to immunization procedures in domestic animals, since on the one hand are the main vectors of transmission and, on the other hand, vaccination in humans has proven to be not effective, due to the low prevalence of this disease in exposed persons. Then, present the case of a patient with a history of uterine fibroids and coexistence with domestic cats, suffering septic shock by Pasteurella multocida, which has as its main infectious focus your fibroid uterus.

Palabras clave : Pasteurella multocida; Gram-Negative Bacteria; Hysterectomy; Sepsis; Uterus; Leiomyoma.

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