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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

GONZALEZ A., Electra  y  MOLINA G., Temistocles. Religiosidad juvenil y su asociación a comportamientos sexuales en adolescentes consultantes en un centro de salud sexual y reproductiva en la Región Metropolitana. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2017, vol.82, n.4, pp.396-407. ISSN 0717-7526.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75262017000400396.

Background:

Evidence shows that one of the factors associated with the postponement of sexual activity is membership or affiliation to Judeo-Christian religions, with strict codes of behavior.

Objective:

To analyze the association between religiosity and sexual behaviors in adolescents.

Method:

Analytical cross-sectional study conducted in a population of adolescents. Were compared catholic, evangelical and without religion. Association between affiliation and assistance religious services and age sexual initiation, condom use and number of sexual partners were analyzed.

Results:

In total, 5.231 adolescents (median age 16 years, 91.6% female, 97.3% students,), were interviewed. Adolescents who declare to be evangelicals cease to attend religious services in greater proportion than Catholic adolescents when initiating sexual activity. Religious affiliation, whether Catholic or evangelical, delay the onset of sexual activity and decreases the risk of having more than one sexual partner, compared with those without religion, but religious affiliation, whether Catholic or evangelical, increases the risk of non-use of condoms, compared to those without religion.

Conclusion:

Religious affiliation influences sexual behaviors in adolescents, decreasing the risk in the age of sexual debut and in the number of sexual partners but increasing the risk in the non-use of the condom but does not influence the pill use.

Palabras clave : Religious affiliation; Religious services; Sexual initiation; Condom use; Number of sexual partners.

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