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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

VELARDE, Marissa et al. Percepciones y creencias sobre criopreservación embrionaria en mujeres y hombres que se realizan técnicas de reproducción asistida en Santiago, Chile. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2018, vol.83, n.1, pp.27-44. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75262018000100027.

Background and objetive:

Although embryo cryopreservation is frequently used as part of assisted reproductive technology, quantitave information addressing how infertile couples live the experience of having cryopreserved embryos is lacking in Chile. The aim of this study is to examine men and women's perception and beliefs regarding their cryopreserved embryos, as well as their perspective on embryo donation and disposition.

Methods:

153 women and men with frozen embryos from a public hospital, Instituto de Investigactiones Materno Infantil, and a private clinic, Clínica Las Condes, in Santiago, Chile, responded between May 2015 and May 2016 to an anonymous online survey addressing their perceptions and beliefs concerning their cryopreserved embryos.

Results:

Respondents considered their frozen embryos to be equivalent to a child (53.2%) or a potential child (40.7%). Only 8% regard them as an organized group of cells. Over 60% of respondents disagree with destroying surplus embryos or using them for research. Participants from the public hospital are more willing to donate their embryos to another couple than those from the private center (61% vs 40%; P=0.016); 34% of respondents agreed to donate surplus embryos to same sex couples.

Conclusion:

This study reveals that Chilean couples are emotionally bound to their frozen embryos, and that discarding them is not an option. The results from this survey will help strengthen counseling for couples to enable them to make informed decisions regarding their surplus embryos.

Palabras clave : Assisted Reproductive Technology; In Vitro Fertilization; Cryopreserved embryos; Embryo disposal; Patient attitudes.

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