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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

HERNANDEZ T, María Camila; GOMEZ L, Mauricio  y  ECHAVARRIA R, Luis Guillermo. Colpocleisis sitio-específica: 3 años de experiencia. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2018, vol.83, n.3, pp.219-227. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75262018000300219.

Pelvic organ prolapse is defined as the descent of the anterior and / or posterior wall of the vagina and / or the dome or uterus through the vagina. This pathology has been associated with urinary dysfunction, altered defecation and sexual dysfunction.

Symptomatic prolapse of pelvic organs is a condition that negatively affects the quality of life of women, finding a prevalence of lifetime prevalence is 3-6%.

Obliterative vaginal surgery, has a shorter surgical time, morbidity and blood loss rates are lower, recovery is faster, and anatomic success greater. Patients who are ideal candidates for colpocleisis usually present multiple medical comorbidities that discard them to lead to reconstructive surgery. With an efficiency of 90% in the literature, indicating that improvement of the quality of life and body image for the majority of patients.

OBJECTIVE:

To perform a review of the colpocleisis procedure regarding anatomical results, resolution of symptoms, satisfaction with surgical results and associated morbidity and mortality of patients who consulted a third-level private health care institution located in Medellín, (Colombia).

METHODOLOGY:

A retrospective cohort study was carried out in which all patients with grade III-IV prolapse who underwent colpocleisis were included in the period from 2013 to 2016, in a private health institution of III level in Medellín, Antioquia, that attends contributory regime of the social security system in Colombia and private patients. The Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP-Q) scale was used to determine prolapse levels and what type of prolapse was identified before and after surgery. All preoperative multichannel urodynamic evaluations with prolapse reduction were requested to evaluate occult incontinence or micturition difficulties. And a subjective evaluation of the response to surgery was performed with the Global Impression of Patient Improvement (PGI-I) scale.

RESULTS:

Data were collected between January 2013 and December 2016. Thirty-three patients were submitted to colpocleisis, 27 of which 18.8 (%) were older than 80 years. 52 (36.3%) patients between 60-70 years, 62 (43.3%) between 70-80 years and <60 years 1 patient. The mean age of the age group was 75 years, range 58-94 years; the mean body mass index was 27, the average follow-up duration was 9 months, and the number of vaginal deliveries was 4. (97.9%) of the patients had medical comorbidities. With a cure rate of 97.9%.

CONCLUSION:

The cohort study describes our experience and adds to existing data that support the viability and safety of colpocleisis. We found high efficacy of cleisis in terms of patient satisfaction, improvement in quality of life, independent of age, with a low rate of complications and surgical failures. Colpocleisis is a good treatment option for prolapse of pelvic organs stage III-IV, in those who do not wish to preserve sexual functionality, however this concept must be individualized for each patient.

Palabras clave : colpocleisis; older woman; result; pelvic organ prolapse.

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