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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

DORADOR-GONZALEZ, María-de-Lourdes  y  OROZCO-CALDERON, Gabriela. Síntomas Psicológicos en la Transición Menopáusica. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2018, vol.83, n.3, pp.228-239. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75262018000300228.

OBJECTIVE:

To know the symptoms in the Menopausal Transition, through the self-report of the women, classified into three groups: 1st. Early Menopausal Transition (stage −2), 2nd. Late Menopausal Transition and Early Postmenopause (stages −1 and +1a) and 3rd. group Early Postmenopause with Late Postmenopause (stages +1b, +1 c and +2), analyzing psycological symptoms.

MATERIAL & METHOD:

Non-experimental transversal study, non-probabilistic sampling. The participants were 116 women between 40 and 60 years old with high schooling level, through The Menopause Rating Scale MRS, Beck Anxiety Inventory and Depression Inventory.

RESULTS:

The final sample consisted of 100 women with at least one symptom, with a high schooling level in the range of 40 to 60 years, grouped by Menopausal Transition stage: 1st. 36 women, 2nd. Group 16 and 3rd. group with 48. The psycological symptoms measured with MRS were the most frequently in 41.60%; report subjective complaint of memory loss 57% of women. Alfa Cronbach of .74 in MRS.

CONCLUSION:

Psychological symptoms are present as a continuum throughout the Menopausal Transition, possibly due to the decreased concentration of estrogen, which in some cases leads the diagnosis of Mild Neurocognitive Disorder.

Palabras clave : Menopause; Menopausal Transition; The Menopause Rating Scale MRS; Psycological Symptoms; Estrogens; Mild Neurocognitive Disorder.

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