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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

QUINTERO-MEDRANO, Samantha Melissa et al. Conocimientos sobre diabetes gestacional en embarazadas de un Hospital Público del Noroeste de México. Resultados de una encuesta. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2018, vol.83, n.3, pp.250-256. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75262018000300250.

Introduction:

Gestational Diabetes (GD) is the carbohydrate intolerance that is recognized for the first time during pregnancy. In Mexico, the prevalence is 8.7-17.7%. These patients have a higher risk of maternal-fetal complications compared to the general population.

Objective:

To determine the level of knowledge about risk factors and maternal-fetal complications of GD.

Methods:

A survey was conducted in a public hospital in Northwest Mexico, with 150 pregnant women, knowledge about risk factors and maternal-fetal complications related to GD was measured through a survey developed and validated with KR-20 of 0.87 and Perez-Padilla and Viniegra of 8.

Results:

The average age of the population was 27 years, with Graffar socioeconomic level II in 88%, with preparatory schooling prevailing in 41%, 81% of them have a partner, 79% live in an urban area, 57% are working, 80% without coomorbidity, 90% without background of DG, as well as not having received talks on DG in 69%. The level of knowledge found was: 48% chance, 19% very low, 16% low, 11% regular, 2% high, 4% very high.

Conclusions:

There is a low level of knowledge of risk factors and complications of GD among pregnant women. This level increases to a higher educational and economic level, having a history of gestational diabetes in previous pregnancies and receiving talks on this topic.

Palabras clave : Gestational diabetes; risk factors.

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