SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.84 número6Prevalencia de complicaciones en pacientes sometidas a cesárea en el periodo comprendido entre enero a diciembre del 2016 en el Hospital Universitario San José de Popayán, Colombia 2016.Aspiración manual endouterina (AMEU): Revisión de la literatura y estudio de serie de casos índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google

Compartilhar


Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versão impressa ISSN 0048-766Xversão On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumo

GONZALEZ P, Rogelio et al. La paradoja de la inmigración: las madres haitianas y latinoamericanas en Chile. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2019, vol.84, n.6, pp.449-459. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262019000600449.

The immigration paradox: Haitian and Latin American mothers in Chile

Introduction

There is international information on the differences in preterm birth and birth weight for migrant mothers of different ethnicities. The objective is to evaluate prematurity and birth weight of mothers of different national origin, whose deliveries occurred in Chile.

Materials and methods

The national database of the Department of Informatics of the Ministry of Health of Chile was used. Newborns from the period of September 2012 to December 2016 were included. Basic perinatal data, preterm birth, low birth weight and their relationship with the gestational age of babies born to mothers of local origin and other nationalities were evaluated.

Results

1,048,490 births, 50,995 foreign mothers were studied. The percentage of those born before 37 weeks of mothers from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela is between 4.8 and 7.3%, compared to nationals with 8%. The 10th percentiles for birth weight from 30 to 40 weeks for Chilean and Haitian mothers (in parentheses) were (g): 1045 (1102), 1195 (1160), 1360 (1370), 1550 (1503), 1750(1508 ), 2000 (1669), 2235 (1982), 2500 (2237), 2810 (2607), 2970 (2710), 3080 (2858). The z-scores of Haitian mothers were significantly lower.

Conclusions

The immigration paradox is verified in the national experience, with preterm birth rates and low birth weight more favorable to foreign mothers compared to chileans Afro-Caribbean mothers had births with a lower weight, at gestational ages where relevant decisions are made, with differences of up to a 20% between 35-37 weeks.

Palavras-chave : Birth weight; preterm birth; ethnicity; Immigration paradox; Haitian population; Chilean population.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )