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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

Print version ISSN 0048-766XOn-line version ISSN 0717-7526

Abstract

VEGA ROJAS, Denise; CARRENO MANRIQUEZ, Leonardo  and  DIAZ ECHEVERRIA, Claudia. Perinatal Prognosis in third trimester pregnant women recovered from COVID-19 infection. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2020, vol.85, suppl.1, pp.S23-S27. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262020000700005.

Introduction and objectives:

COVID-19 is a pathology produced by the RNA virus SARS-CoV-2, declared a pandemic by the WHO in March of 2020. The world literature describes more preterm birth and caesarean section in pregnant women infected by COVID-19, principally by medical indication, but it has not been described in depth what happens when we differ delivery after the infectious period. This report reviews a subgroup of patients who were diagnosed with COVID-19 in the third trimester and decided to differ birth until they recovered from the disease.

Methods:

Retrospective observational study that analyzes maternal and perinatal outcome of 9 women who were diagnosed with COVID-19 after the 33 weeks of pregnancy, decided to differ delivery and had their birth recovered from the disease.

Results:

We observed 77% of patients symptomatic, 77% required hospitalization, 33% because of COVID, all admited to critical patient care, only one required non invasive mechanical ventilation. 2 patients suffered normoglycemic ketoacidosis, 2 had COVID-19 pneumonia. An 88% resulted in term birth, only 1 was prematurely interrupted by obstetric cause. 66% patients had vaginal delivery and 33.3% caesarean section, all by obstetric cause. The average latency to birth was 17.3 days. Apgar scores were all more than 7 at minute 1 and 5.

Conclusion:

The results of this series suggest that in selected cases where the clinical characteristics allow it, to differ interruption of pregnancy until after the infectious period can associate to good outcomes of maternal and neonatal morbimortality, however, it's fundamental to continue research.

Keywords : Covid 19; coronavirus infections; pregnancy; birth; delivery; maternal and perinatal outcome; convalescent.

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