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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

Print version ISSN 0048-766XOn-line version ISSN 0717-7526

Abstract

OROSTIZAGA A., Ana et al. Case report: multidisciplinary management in case of 31 weeks pregnant woman and COVID 19 infection with severe disease presentation. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2020, vol.85, suppl.1, pp.S97-S100. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262020000700013.

Introduction:

The coronavirus disease 2019, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, was first reported in december 2019 in China as an atypipical pneumonia. Since then its distribution has globally expanded causing a public health emergency.

Method:

Corresponds to a case report. A descriptive study about the management of a pregnant woman whith COVID-19.

Case:

A 40 year old pregnant woman, 31 weeks gestational age, was admitted with a diagnosis of COVID-19. She developed dyspnea and preterm birth risk that needed a more complex hospital level. Thereafter, the patient developed respiratory distress, use of accessory breathing muscles and neurological alteration, requiring oxygen therapy. An interdisciplinary medical team evaluation decided to manage her condition at intensive care unit (ICU). Cesarean delivery was performed at 31+4 weeks. After the procedure, the pulmonary function declined to a life threatening condition. A month later, the patient woke up with improved pulmonary function, without any organ failure. Currently the patient is in a good general condition with a multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment ongoing.

Discussion:

In previous epidemic outbrakes, pregnant women presented high fatality rates and intensive care tratment risk. Based on a case report review, COVID-19 in pregnancy is associated with severe maternal morbidity, specially in women with associated comorbidities. This situation raises the question whether the COVID-19 infection intensifies the maternal risk or whether these cases were already a high risk pregnancies. Additional studies are needed to answer this issue.

Keywords : pandemia; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; pregnancy; maternal morbidity mortality.

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