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Bosque (Valdivia)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9200

Resumen

RUBIO-MELENDEZ, María E; ZAMUDIO, Francisco  y  RAMIREZ, Claudio C. Susceptibility of Populus spp. hybrids to aphids and rusts at three localities of Chile. Bosque (Valdivia) [online]. 2011, vol.32, n.2, pp.127-134. ISSN 0717-9200.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92002011000200003.

In the last few years an increasing interest on species and hybrids of the genus Populus has occurred in Chile. However, such plantations are strongly affected by pest and diseases. With the aim to identify potentially resistant (or less susceptible) hybrids of the genus Populus, the susceptibility of some poplar hybrids growing in experimental nurseries in Southern-Center Chile to the aphid Chaitophorus leucomelas Koch and to the rust Melampsora spp. was assessed. Results showed that aphid abundance was higher in the month of March, particularly in Coinco (O’Higgins Region) and lower in Pillanlelbún (Los Ríos Regions) and Yumbel (Biobío Region). In Pillanlelbún the most susceptible hybrid to aphids was TD×TD [ (P. trichocarpa x P. deltoides) x (P. trichocarpa x P. deltoides)], and the less susceptible ones were TD×D [ (P. trichocarpa x P. deltoides) x P. deltoides], T×N (P. trichocarpa x P. nigra), TMxTM [(P. trichocarpa x P. maximowitzii) x (P. trichocarpa x P. maximowitzii)] and TDxT [(P. trichocarpa x P. deltoides) x P. trichocarpa]. Hybrid TxN (P. trichocarpa x P. nigra) was the most susceptible to rust in all testing sites, while the less susceptible hybrids were TDxT [(P. trichocarpa x P. deltoides) x P. trichocarpa], TDxD [(P. trichocarpa x P. deltoides) x P. trichocarpa] and TDxT [(P. trichocarpa x P. deltoides) x P. trichocarpa]. These susceptibilities varied among localities, particularly on aphids. Genetic and environmental factors accounting for by these results are discussed.

Palabras clave : susceptibility; Chaitophorus leucomelas; Melampsora prevalence; abundance.

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