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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumen

FIGUEROA, Gustavo. Cognitive Therapy in the Treatment of Major Depression. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2002, vol.40, suppl.1, pp.46-62. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272002000500004.

Background. Cognitive theory conceptualized depression as associated with negative thought patterns, specific distorted schemas, and cognitive errors or faulty information processing. Aims. To review the theoretical concepts and quantitative evidence of Cognitive Therapy for the treatment of major depressive disorder. Method. To summarize the cognitive model of depression and consistent evidence of the effects of this treatment alone or in combination. Results. Cognitive Therapy is a short-term, structured therapy that involves active collaboration between the patient and the therapist in achieving set goals. It is oriented toward symptoms, depressive information processing, current problems and their resolution. Conclusions. Since the introduction of Cognitive Therapy almost 3 decades ago, its efficacy has been demonstrated in numerous treatment-outcome studies that compared CT to no treatment, wait-list control, formal psychotherapies, or antidepressant pharmacotherapy

Palabras clave : Cognitive therapy; major depression; efficacy; depressive information processing.

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