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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumen

PACHECO P, Bernardo  y  ARANGUIZ G, Consuelo. Factors associated with treatment adherence in adolescents with depression. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.49, n.1, pp.69-78. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272011000100009.

Introduction: Mood disorders prevalence during adolescence has increased. Unfortunately, the greatest number of diagnosis is not a synonym of treatment success because this depends, among others factors, on the treatment adherence. In fact, mental health research has shown consistently high rates of treatment non-adherence. Nevertheless, the literature has been focused mainly on adult populations, and only a few articles describe adolescent adherence. Objectives: To review the different factors associated with treatment adherence in adolescents with depression and to describe theoretical models that can help improving adherence in this population. Method: Review of current research and adherence theories related to adherence in adolescents with different pathologies, adults with mood disorders and especially in adolescent depression. Conclusion: Cognitive factors related to personal and family beliefs and attitudes towards mental health disorders and medication, biological and psychological factors related to the developmental stage like emotional regulation, self-esteem, self-efficacy and adolescent-parent relationship are very important factors associated to medication adherence in adolescents. The therapeutic relationship might help to improve adherence by shaping these factors, building trust, cooperation, patient and family commitment to behavior change and giving information.

Palabras clave : Treatment adherence; compliance; adolescent; depression.

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