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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versão On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumo

BAEZA V, Sandra; BUSTOS R, Carla  e  OVANDO B, Pamela. Logopenic Aphasia: a case report an review of the literature. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.50, n.3, pp.166-173. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272012000300006.

With the progressive aging of the Chilean population the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders is increasingly common, and among them is Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA), with specific symptoms but late consultation. PPA is a clinical syndrome characterized by the degeneration of language regions in the dominant hemisphere that determines an insidious and progressive loss of language. Two types of PPA were recognized: Progressive non-fluent Aphasia (APnF) and Progressive Semantic Aphasia (DS), and was recently identified as a new type, Logopénica Progressive Aphasia (APL). We describe a case evaluated at the University of Chile Clinical Hospital of a woman of 54 years who have a history of 2-3 years of fluent speech with reduced speed due to the difficulty in finding words, had shortcomings in repetition of complex words, phrases and sentences, presence of phonemic paraphasias and impaired episodic memory. What in the phonological assessment supports a diagnosis of APL. Despite the above, the neurological examination was normal. The APL has been associated with Alzheimer's disease because it presents impaired episodic memory and the neuropathological changes most frequently encountered are amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Through this article you may learn more about this disease and who to go if you or some colleague have symptoms to receive some guidance.

Palavras-chave : Aphasia; SD (semantic dementia); Logopenic Aphasia; Primary progressive aphasia (PPA); Progressive non-fluent Aphasia (APnF); Progressive Semantic Aphasia (DS); Logopénica Progressive Aphasia (APL).

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