SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.56 número1Aplicación de la dimensión identidad de la entrevista STIPO para diagnosticar difusión de identidad en pacientes con diagnóstico previo de trastornos severos de la personalidad. Estudio clínico cuantitativo¿La exposición a clozapina en el adulto mayor está asociada a riesgo de leucopenia? índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumen

JARAMILLO-TORO, Carolina et al. Depressive symptoms in a university population in Colombia: prevalence, related factors, and validation of two scores for screening. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2018, vol.56, n.1, pp.18-27. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-92272018000100018.

Background:

Adolescent depression is a silent global health problem, untreated depression has detrimental effects on physical health, psychosocial well-being, and academicproductivity. Validation of an instrument that can be used as screening in adolescents and which would allow determination of its prevalence is required.

Objectives:

Estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms, associated factors and validate two instruments that can be used as a screening tool in university students.

Methodology:

Cross-sectional study in adolescents 18 years and older enrolled in first half of 2016 at the Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Information collected included sociodemographic variables and the results of scale epidemiological studies center for depression (CES-D) and the Zung depression test.

Results:

A sample of350 adolescents, of whom depressive symptoms were identified in the last week of 8.85% and 36.28% for the Zung scale and CES-D was obtained respectively. The presence of depressive symptoms was associated with physical inactivity (odds ratio [OR] = 2.1; confidence interval 95% [95% CI], 1.1 to 5.8), alcohol consumption (OR = 3,1; 95% CI, 1.8 to 5.3) andpsychoactivesubstances (OR = 3.6,95% CI 1.9 to 6.6).

Conclusions:

For the first time in Coffe region area is realized the validation of the Zung and CES-D depression test, which can be used in university population screening for depressive symptoms, both of them are equieffective with Cronbach's alpha of 0.84 and 0.87 respectively.

Palabras clave : Depression; adolescent psychiatry; psychometrics.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )