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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227

Resumen

BEHAR A., Rosa. Modern woman and compulsive buying. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2018, vol.56, n.1, pp.46-56. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-92272018000100046.

Background:

Compulsive buying (CB) has been observed mainly in modern women (up to 95%) in our Western society.

Objective:

To describe analytically the relationship between CB and biopsychosocial factors that encourage its development.

Method:

A review of specialised textbooks and the available literature in Medline/PubMed and SciELO on the relationship between CB and biopsychosocial factors was conducted.

Results:

CB is an impulse control disorder (ojien within a multi-impulsive pattern), with severe interference in psychosocial and financial functioning, which emerges in a postmodern context, with a significant association with changes in the female gender identity, with comorbidities mainly anxiety, mood, eating disorders, use/abuse of substances and personality (obsessive-compulsive, avoidant, borderline). It is usually triggered by negative affects (anguish, sadness, anger, frustration, loneliness), low self-esteem, external stimuli reinforced by the marketing system, value of social approval for consumption and/or hedonistic satisfaction. The combined treatment of cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy, psychoeducation and SSRI drugs seems to be more effective.

Conclusions:

The evidence shows that CB could be considered as a biopsychosocial phenomenon, more prevalent in women, in a postmodern socio-cultural historical background, that exceeds the autonomy, equality and competence in masculine domains achieved by the current woman, becoming a psychopathological disorder within the impulsive spectrum that has been included in the ICD-10.

Palabras clave : Woman; postmodernism; gender role; impulsivity; compulsive buying.

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