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Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 0717-9227

Abstract

JIMENO B., Natalia. Psychopathological assessment of language in schizophrenias: literature review. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2019, vol.57, n.1, pp.34-42. ISSN 0717-9227.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-92272019000100034.

Introduction:

Language disorders are one of the essential symptoms of schizophrenia and have great clinical relevance. Difficulties for their delimitation and evaluation include partial overlap with formal thought disorders and the heterogeneity of models and methods used to study them. The objective of this paper is to review and compare the tests of language psychopathological evaluation in schizophrenias, both objective and subjective.

Method:

A non-systematic literature review was performed. The collected variables included: type and structure of the test, mode of administration, types of language disorders.

Results:

Three types of tests were analyzed: 1. Objective general tests, such as the psychopathological exploration of the AMDP system, and the Positive and Negative Syndromes Scale. 2. Subjective general tests, such as the Frankfurt Complaint Questionnaire, Bonn Scale for the Evaluation of Basic Symptoms and Self-Evaluation of Negative Symptoms. 3. Specific tests: Scale for the Evaluation of Thought, Language and Communication, Formal Thought Disorder Scales (for carers and patients) and Thought and Language Disorder scale.

Conclusions:

There is a remarkable variability across these tests. The TLC scale is the main specific test. Most of the tests currently available are hetero-applied and focus on the oral format, expressive function and objective method. The tests that use the subjective method can complement the traditional objective method in the psychopathological evaluation of language in schizophrenia.

Keywords : Language; psychopathology; schizophrenia.

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