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Revista chilena de radiología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9308


JIMENEZ H, Marco; BUSTAMANTE S, Miguel  y  SANCHEZ S, Eric. Geometric analysis of the trabecular architecture in a bovine bone during the process of induced demineralization. Rev. chil. radiol. [online]. 2013, vol.19, n.1, pp.31-37. ISSN 0717-9308.

Introduction. The mass use of digital radiology has made possible the study of different pathologies through high quality diagnostic images. There are different diseases that affect bone tissue and which produce mineral loss (1). Those diseases are characterized by loss of trabecular architecture and cortical thinning (7), visible in radiology. Those changes lead the patient to suffer the risk of future fractures (8), therefore it is considered important to analyze the geometry of the trabeculae in this kind of pathology in order to anticipate fracture risk. Material and Methods. For this study, a bovine's femur was chosen(19). This was immersed in 4% acetic acid to produce demineralization. Measurement was performed (in Clinica Alemana Santiago) every 24 hours by radiological imagings, which were obtained with digital radiology (DR) to observe obvious radiological changes in trabecular population. The images were evaluated by a freely available software called ImageJ® (23), by performing Trabecular measurements using the ROI tool, acquiring the values of area, perimeter and circularity. Results. In the 10 trabeculae studied, we observed and quantified changes in trabecular architecture, increasing the value of average area in 124%, perimeter in 53% and no change in circularity during the demineralization process. Conclusions. With digital radiography, it is possible to evaluate the trabecular architecture using geometric parameters, which indicate that there are very small changes over time. An increase in size of the trabeculae was observed, trabeculae was observed, but without loss of shape.

Palabras clave : Bone architecture; Demineralization; Digital radiology (DR); Geometric analysis.

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