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Revista chilena de radiología

On-line version ISSN 0717-9308

Abstract

PINOCHET TEJOS, Miguel Ángel et al. Distorsion of breast architecture: The best way to confront it. Rev. chil. radiol. [online]. 2016, vol.22, n.4, pp.158-163. ISSN 0717-9308.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchira.2016.11.007.

Abstract: Objective. Assess the performance of digital 2D mammography and tomosynthesis in the characterisation of architectural breast distortion (ABD). Material and method. A retrospective study, approved by the Ethics Committee, was conducted on mammographic studies on cases with a diagnosis of ABD selected from August 2015-August 2016. Cases with imaging modalities available on PACS were included: digital mammography (2D), tomosynthesis (TS), ultrasound (US), magnetic resonance (MR), and with biopsy performed at our institution. ABD cases associated with micro-calcifications and post-surgical changes were excluded. Detection rates and imaging characteristics were analysed, as well as the histopathological concordance. Results. A total of 81 cases of ABD without microcalcifications were detected on the mammographs, but only 52 met the inclusion criteria. According to histopathology, 23 (44%) were malignant, 17 (33%) were benign, and 12 (23%) were high-risk lesions. All were detected by TS and US, and classified as suspicious lesions (BI-RADS 4 or 5). In 2D mammography, 24 cases (46%) were not seen and 8 (33%) of these were malignant. Malignant lesions showed dense centres in 87% of cases. The most frequent lesion on ultrasound was a hypoechogenic area (60%) in 86% of lesions with penetrating vessels. A total of 21 MRI were performed, with mass enhancement being identified in all of them. Conclusion. ABD is better displayed in TS than 2D mammography. Despite its characteristics, histological examination is essential (even when a radiolucent centre is observed). Focused US should be the next procedure to follow, since it allows to visualize the lesion to be visualised, and can direct the percutaneous biopsy in most cases.

Keywords : Tomosynthesis.; Digital mammography.; Architectural distortion.; Invasive ductal carcinoma.; Radial scar..

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