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Revista chilena de radiología

versão On-line ISSN 0717-9308

Resumo

HERAZO-BUSTOS, Cherina et al. Evaluation of signal intensity in dentate nucleus, pons, globus pallidus and thalamus in patients with multiple sclerosis: Assessment of gadolinium retention. Rev. chil. radiol. [online]. 2017, vol.23, n.1, pp.02-06. ISSN 0717-9308.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-93082017000100002.

Introduction: Recently, some studies have reported accumulation of gadolinium in the brain of patients with multiple administrations of gadolinium-based contrast. Patients with multiple sclerosis are subjected to multiple contrasting resonances and could become a population at risk. Objective: To determine whether repeated intravenous exposure to gadolinium is associated with more intensity in the thalamus, dentate nucleus, pons and the globus pallidus. Methods: A retrospective study of 60 patients with MS who had undergone two or more contrasted MRs between 2007 and 2015, was performed. The ratios calculated were: dentate nuclei-to-pons (DNP), thalamus-to-pons (TP), caudate nuclei-to-pons (CNP), globus pallidus-to-thalamus (GPT), globus pallidus-to-pons (GPP), by reviewing simple T1 axial sequences. Relative changes were calculated and compared with the number of contrasted MRs. The concordance between observers and the intraclass correlation coefficient was evaluated. Results: There was no evidence of increased signal intensity in T1 sequences (DNP 0.524, GPT 0.466, GPP 0.684, TP 0.771, CNP 0.352). As there were no differences, the Spearman coefficient showed no correlation between relative changes and the number of resonances performed. Inter-observer agreement was almost perfect (0.982) for all structures. Conclusion: Our study did not find a statistically significant increase in the T1 signal intensity in patients with multiple sclerosis. However, there are factors to consider, such as the type of gadolinium and the time lapse between administrations.

Palavras-chave : Multiple Sclerosis; Gadolinium deposit; MR.

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