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Revista chilena de radiología

versão On-line ISSN 0717-9308

Resumo

COLLADO H, Raúl et al. Usefulness of apparent diffusion coefficient in magnetic resonance as an auxiliary method for the differentiation between medulloblastomas and ependymomas of the posterior cranial fossa in children and adults treated at the Carlos Van Buren Hospital in Valparaíso: A preliminary experience. Rev. chil. radiol. [online]. 2017, vol.23, n.3, pp.98-105. ISSN 0717-9308.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-93082017000300003.

The use of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been shown to be useful in the task of differentiating primary brain tumors. Our objective is to evaluate its use to differentiate between medulloblastomas and ependymomas. We analyzed 37 cases: 21 medulloblastomas (average age 12 years) and 16 ependymomas (average age 5 years) of the posterior fossa treated at the Carlos Van Buren Hospital in Valparaíso between december 2005 and June 2015. There were 15 and 5 males in each group respectively. In addition to age and gender, ADC values of tumors (ADCt) and healthy tissue were collected. The ADCt values for medulloblastoma and ependymoma averaged 0.64 and 0.92 [x10-3 mm2/s] respectively (p< 0.001). The multivariate model included gender and ADCt, with a sensitivity of 0.95 and a specificity of 0.87 to predict medulloblastoma. We can conclude that ADC measurement helps differentiate tumors of different cellularity such as medulloblastoma and ependymoma.

Palavras-chave : medulloblastoma; ependymoma; posterior cranial fossa; magnetic resonance imaging.

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