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Revista chilena de radiología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9308

Resumen

PENAILILLO TOLEDO, Eduardo et al. Pictory essay: Radiological differential diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Rev. chil. radiol. [online]. 2019, vol.25, n.1, pp.5-18. ISSN 0717-9308.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-93082019000100005.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most prevalent inflammatory-demyelinating disease of the central nervous system in adult population. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has an increasingly important role, especially in early diagnosis, so the imaging differentiation of frequent and infrequent variants of MS with other white matter diseases of brain and spinal cord is essential. Through a pictorial essay we show typical MR features of MS and more infrequent variants of demyelinating lesions and illustrate characteristic imaging findings of inflammatory and non-inflammatory vasculopathies, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and vascular diseases of spinal cord that may simulate MS, with emphasis on imaging differential diagnosis.

Palabras clave : Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis; CADASIL; Demyelinating diseases; Multiple sclerosis; Neuromyelitis optica; Susac syndrome.

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