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Revista chilena de radiología

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9308

Resumen

GARCIA A., Nicolás; ROSALES L., Julio  y  VERDUGO P., Marco Antonio. Calcific tendinitis: Aetiopathogenesis and imaging evaluation. Rev. chil. radiol. [online]. 2020, vol.26, n.2, pp.52-61. ISSN 0717-9308.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-93082020000200052.

Calcific tendinitis is caused by abnormal deposition of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in tendons and is a common cause of joint pain. The disease typically affects the shoulder and hip, with characteristic imaging findings; however, any tendon can be involved. Occasionally, calcific tendinitis can mimic aggressive disorders, such as infection and neoplasm, especially on MRI. Apparently, the calcifications come from an abnormal differentiation of the tendon stem cells, which begin to produce calcium.

Radiologists should be familiar with the imaging findings to distinguish calcific tendinitis from more aggressive processes. Image-guided percutaneous needle aspiration is a useful technique performed by the radiologist for the treatment of symptomatic cases. Being familiar with these processes and their imaging appearance is an important aspect in the management of this common disease. The purpose of this review is to analyze the pathogenesis of calcium tendinopathy, the evaluation of images in both the most common and less frequent presentation sites, as well as the role played by ultrasound in the treatment of pathology.

Palabras clave : Calcium hydroxyapatite disease; Calcific tendinitis; Rotator cuff; Tendinitis; Tendinopathy.

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