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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502


GOLALIPOUR, Mohammad Jafar . The Effect of Ethnic Factor on Cephalic Index in 17-20 Years Old Females of North of Iran . Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2006, vol.24, n.3, pp.319-322. ISSN 0717-9502.

Cephalic index and head shape are affected by geographical, gender, age, racial and ethnic factors. This study was carried out to determine cephalic index and head shape in 17-20 years old female in Gorgan, North of Iran. This descriptive and cross sectional study is undertaken on 410 normal 17-20 years old female (Turkman group: n=203, Fars group: n=207). The study was done by classic cephalometry in Gorgan ­ North of Iran. Means and SD of cephalic index was 85 ± 4.5 and 82.8 ± 3.6 in native Fars and Turkman groups, respectively. Dominant and rare type of head shape in native Fars group were hyperbrachycephalic (53.6%) and dolichocephalic (15%), and in Turkman group were brachycephalic (58.1%) and dolichocephalic (0.05%), respectively. With noticing of our results and other studies in the world, we can conclude that the role of ethnic factor on head dimensions

Keywords : Craniofacial forms; Cephalometry; Cephalic index; Female.

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