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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502


GUSMAO, Luiz Carlos Buarque; SOUSA-RODRIGUES, Célio Fernando de; GONZALEZ DA NOBREGA, Fabiana Sophia  and  PEREIRA DA SILVA, Lígia Maria Teixeira. Drainage of Facial, Lingual and Superior Thyroid Veins in Humans . Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2006, vol.24, n.4, pp.685-688. ISSN 0717-9502.

Despite the great diversity of descriptions concerning the inflows of the facial, lingual and superior thyroid veins in man, they present important controversies between the studied authors. Aiming to supply a pattern for the formation of venous trunks by the cited veins, the authors analyzed 42 lateral faces of dissected adult human cadavers of both genders, different ages and preserved in a 10% solution of formaldehyde. The study revealed the formation of venous trunks in 59,5% of the cases, the thyroid-lingual-facial trunk appears in 38,1%, the lingual-facial trunk in 14,2%, the thyroid-lingual trunk in 4,8% and the thyroid-lingual-pharyngeal-facial trunk in just 2,4%. It was not found the formation of thyroid-facial trunk described in the analyzed literature. 40,5% of the cases appears with no venous trunk formation, in those situations the veins end alone

Keywords : Facial vein; Ligual vein; Superior thyroid vein; Anatomy.

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