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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

BONI, R. C et al. Asymmetries of the Left and Right Temporal Lobes. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2007, vol.25, n.1, pp.117-120. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022007000100016.

Anatomical brain asymmetries are subtle and still little studied in humans. Among all the animals, humans have the most asymmetric brains Crow (2004). The language faculty and handedness are localized on the left side. The objective this paper is to verify whether the temporal lobes are anatomically different. Our sample was composed of 40 post mortem adult brains of both sexes, which were investigated at the Human Anatomy Laboratory of the Nove de Julho University Center in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The brains were fixed in a solution of 5% paraformaldehyde. Three different measurements were taken using a pachimeter (Mitutoyo) and a goniometer (Card) on both hemispheres: Ml - the length of the lateral sulcus; M2 - the distance from the lateral sulcus to the inferior margin of the inferior temporal gyrus, and M3 - the angle formed between the lines of the collateral sulcus and the inferior margin of the inferior temporal gyrus. Results were submitted to a statistical analysis (ANOVA) and demonstrated that Ml was larger in the left hemisphere, by contrast with the data obtained for M2 and M3, which were larger in the right hemisphere. The measurements taken showed differences between the right and left temporal lobes

Keywords : Brain; Asymmetry; Temporal Lobe.

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