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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502


CORIOLANO, M. G. W. S; LINS, O. G; AMORIM, M. J. A. A. L  and  AMORIM, A. A. Jr. Anatomy and Functional Architecture of the Anconeus Muscle. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.4, pp.1009-1012. ISSN 0717-9502.

The anconeus is a small muscle situated at the elbow. Although the anconeus is active during elbow extension its importance for the movement is probably small. It could work as an elbow stabilizer. The object of this study was to investigate some anatomic and architectural characteristics of the anconeus, in the hope of shedding light on its function. We studied twenty adult cadaveric specimens. The anconeus originates by the lateral epicondyle of the humerus and inserts along the proximal ulna. The superficial shape of the anconeus is triangular. Tridimensionally the anconeus resembles a hemisected rectangular-based pyramid, with the base at the ulna and apex at the lateral epicondyle. The muscle fibers arise obliquely from the tendinous expansion and inserts at the ulna. Thus, the architecture of the anconeus is penniform, an architecture able to produce more force then displacement. The design index of 0.3 also suggests a force muscle.

Keywords : Anconeus muscle; Muscle architecture; Function of the anconeus.

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