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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

MERKIS, C; CRISTOFOLINI, A; SANCHIS, E  and  KONCURAT, M. Expression of Death Cellular Receptors FAS/CD95 and DR4 During Porcine Placentation. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.3, pp.829-834. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022010000300026.

Apoptosis is a permanent and dynamic physiological process by which an organism eliminates the undesirable cells without causing an inflammatory response. The objective of this work was to study the expression of FAS, DR4 and other members of the TNF-R1 superfamily extrinsic route apoptotic receptors the DNA fragmentation and the cellular apoptosis in placental samples at the early, mid and late pregnancy on ± 30, ± 55 and ± 114 gestational days, respectively. We used placental histological sections of samples fixed in buffered saline formaldehyde. Immunohistochemical techniques were performed to detect the apoptotic receptors, whereas the DNA fragmentation was detected by TUNEL reaction and apoptotic cellular ultrastructure was detected by TEM conventional techniques. Apoptosis related receptors were immunolocalized in the early pig gestation and correlated with apoptosis, suggesting a role in the cellular remodelling of the placenta. At gestation day 55, apoptosis might be correlated to FAS route, but not by DR4-mediating pathway. At the end of gestation, increased apoptosis and both receptors markers were detected showing cellular death due to the extrinsic route through FAS and DR4 receptors. In conclusion, the immunolocalization of FAS and TNF R-1 receptors along the pig placental development correlates with TUNEL reaction and with apoptotic ultrastructure observed by TEM and seems to occur through different pathways along gestation.

Keywords : FAS/CD95; DR4 and TNF-R1 family; Apoptosis receptors; Pig placenta; Placenta porcina.

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