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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

REISDOERFERER, Gisele; PEREIRA, Kleber Fernando  and  CHOPARD, Renato Paulo. Fibroelastic Components of the Vesicourethral Junction of Rats in the Aging Process. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.1, pp.214-220. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000100036.

The vesicourethral junction comprising the vesical trigone, is relevant in setting and positioning of the urinary bladder, along with the vesical neck, fixed by lateral ligaments of the bladder and tendinous arch of the pelvis fascia. Namely,the puboprostatic ligament (men) and the pubovesical (women). The circular set elastic fibers in this junction are important and valuable in the elasticity and plasticity of the area, allowing quick expansion and withdrawal with the flow of urine, and associated to smooth muscle tissue and nerve control form an important collective to maintain urinary continence. The objective of the present study is to describe the elastic system in the vesicouretral junction in relation to aging and its involvement in the states of urinary continence and incontinence, as well as the study of the vesicouretral junction in various age groups while evaluating with electron transmission microscopy. To carry out the study, 12 Wistar rats were used, divided into groups: neonate (4 animals), adult group (4 animals) and aged group (4 animals). Electron transmission microscopy with use of tanic acid technique associated to glutaraldehyde fixation, satisfactorily showed the extreme structural differences between mature elaunin and oxytalan fibers present between intercelular spaces and bundles of collagen fibers. The phases of elastogenesis in neonate animals and degradation of the elastic system of older animals were also evaluated.

Keywords : Collagen staple fibres; Elastic staple fibres; Vesico-urethral junction.

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