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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

GUIRALDELLI, Michel Farchi; LOPES, Ruberval A; SALA, Miguel A  and  LOPES, Túlio Roberto V. P. Morphological, Morphometrical and Histochemical Study of the Lining and Glandular Epithelia of the Tongue of the Bullfrog Rana catesbeiana. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.1, pp.226-233. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000100038.

The dorsal surface of the tongue of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, has simple columnar epithelium with a few ciliated cells and goblet cells. The entire surface is covered with numerous filiform papillae and few fungiform. Filiform papillae have a simple columnar epithelium with secretory cells, while the fungiform have a sensory disc on their upper surface the lined by a stratified columnar epithelium with basal, peripheral, glandular and receptor cells. Over the dorsal lingual surface there are numerous winding tubular glands, which penetrate deeply into the muscle of the tongue, mingling with the fibers. The gland epithelium is cylindrical with secretory and supporting cells. The first are absolute on the basis of the gland and the latter are rare in the upper third. The ventral surface of the tongue is lined by a stratified epithelium, with the presence of goblet cells, with ciliated cells among them. Morphometrically, lingual glands varies in length, according to their location: shorter in the anterior region of the tongue (330 µm) than in the posterior region (450 µm). Secretory cells of the anterior lingual glands are smaller (1457.7 mm3) than the posterior ones (2645.9 µm3). The same can be said of the cell nuclei, 130.0 µm3 for the anterior glands and 202.3 µm3 for the posterior ones. Secretory cells of the lingual glands contain substances rich in protein and neutral mucopolysaccharides, which characterize the seromucous type. Goblet cells of the dorsal and ventral surface epithelia secrete neutral mucopolysaccharides and proteins, and can be characterized as type G1 cells, and the supporting cells of the superficial glands of the fungiform papillae secrete a mucus rich in neutral mucopolysaccharides, sulfomucins and sialomucins.

Keywords : Tongue; Lingual glands; Morphometry; Histochemistry; Rana toro; Rana catesbeiana.

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