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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502


FAROOQUI, M. M; ARCHANA, Chandrapal  and  PRAKASH, Ajay. Anatomical Study on the Descent of Testis in Prenatal Goat (Capra hircus). Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.2, pp.318-324. ISSN 0717-9502.

A study was conducted on 70 embryo/ foetii of goats to observe the descent of testis. These foetii were grouped into I (0-30 days), II (31-60 days), III (61-90 days), IV (91-120days) and V (121 days up to term, having 14 embryos/ foetii in each group. The genital ridge was observed at 1.2cm CRL (23 day) on the ventromedial aspect of mesonephros. At 42nd day, the genital ridge developed into cylindrical structure, the testis, located in the middle of metanephros. The abdominal migration was completed upto 88th day. The testes were situated in the inguinal canal from 89th to 95th day. From 90th day onward, scrotal migration had been observed, however the testis did not reach the base of the scrotum up to term. During the descent of testis, a peritoneal fold detached from the caudal end of the gonad and extended up-to the abdominal floor on 42nd day, known as gubernaculum. In the initial stages of pregnancy it was thin, whitish, jelly like. On 70th day it was enveloped by processus vaginalis. In group V, it became hardened, longer and cord like.

Keywords : Anatomy; Testis; Gubernaculum; Goat.

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