SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.29 issue2Variations of the Vocal Fold Epithelium in a Menopause Induced ModelAngle of Inclination of Femur in Man and its Relationship with Coxa Vara and Coxa Valga author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

IBE, C. S; ONYEANUSI, B. I; HAMBOLU, J. O  and  AYO, J. O. Nuclear Architecture in the Medulla Oblongata of the Adult African Giant Pouched Rat (Cricetomys gambianus, Waterhouse - 1840). Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.2, pp.382-388. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000200012.

The architecture of cranial and non-cranial nerve nuclei in the medulla oblongata of the African giant pouched rat was studied by means of light microscopy. Serial sections of the medulla oblongata, in coronal and saggital planes, were stained with the cresyl fast violet and silver stains, respectively. Sections in the saggital plane were used as a guide, while coronal sections were used to identify the nuclei in the rostrocaudal extent of the medulla oblongata. With the obex serving as the landmark, nuclei rostral and caudal to the obex were delineated. Cranial nerve nuclei whose architecture were defined were the motor nucleus of hypoglossal nerve, motor nucleus of vagus nerve, cochlear nucleus, vestibular nucleus and nucleus ambiguus, while non-cranial nerve nuclei identified were the olivary nucleus, solitary tract nucleus, gracile nucleus, cuneate nucleus, spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve, motor nucleus of corpus trapezoideum, lateral nucleus of reticular formation and gigantocellular nucleus. The olivary nucleus was the most prominent nucleus, while the solitary tract nucleus was faint, and thus, less developed. The rostrocaudal extent of the solitary tract nucleus, olivary nucleus and motor nucleus of hypoglossal nerve were 3.81 mm, 2.36 mm and 3.50 mm in length, respectively. The prominent olivary nucleus, pyramidal tract and vestibular nucleus are indicative of a good motor coordination and balance, while the poorly developed solitary tract nucleus points to less efficient autonomic functions in this rodent. The present study will serve as a lead for future neuro-behavioural studies necessary for an effective domestication and adaptation of the African giant pouched rat.

Keywords : Cranial nerve nuclei; Non-cranial nerve nuclei; Medulla oblongata; Obex.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License