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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

TERUEL, M; CATALANO, R  and  SALOMON, L. Albendazole Sulphoxide Administered Prior to Mating andits Relation with Fertilization and Mouse Embryo Development. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.3, pp.816-820. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000300024.

The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of albendazole sulphoxide (ABZSO) administered to Balb C mice prior to mating on fertilization rate and preimplantational embryo development. Twenty four female mice 5-8 weeks of age were superovulated by intraperitoneal injection of 7.5 UI of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG, Novormon®, Laboratorios Syntex S.A., Argentina); 48 h later they received 10 IU of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG, Profasi®, Laboratorios Serono, Méjico) and were paired with males of proven fertility. Females received 100 mg/kg or 200 mg/kg of ABZSO orally at the time of hCG administration, prior to mating. The control group received carboxymethylcellulose, vehicle used to prepare the drug suspension. Pregnant females were killed by cervical dislocation at day 4 of pregnancy and non fertilized oocyte and embryos were flushed from uteri. The possible effects of ABZSO were evaluated considering the fertilization rate, the total number of collected embryos per female; the percentage of embryos morphologically normal; the differentiation rate (determined by the relation between the number of blastocyst and the total of morphologically normal embryos) and the cleavage rate determined by counting the nuclei. The variables were analyzed on a per litter basis using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The fertilization rate was lower in females administered ABZSO at a dose of 200 mg/kg (P<0.05). However, no statistically significant differences were found in the embryonic parameters after the administration of 100 mg/kg or 200 mg/kg of ABZSO compared to the untreated control group (P>0.05). In conclusion, a single acute exposure to ABZSO prior to mating at around the time of fertilization at a dose higher than the one usually administered in human and veterinary medicine affects the fertilization rate but it has no adverse effects on early embryo development.

Keywords : Albendazole Sulphoxide; Reproductive toxicity; Embryo development; Mouse.

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