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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

ROCHA, Vinícius Novaes; NETO-FERREIRA, Rodrigo; MANDARIM-DE-LACERDA, Carlos Alberto  and  CARVALHO, Jorge José de. The Microfibril-Elastin Fiber System Distribution in Left Atrioventricular Valve of the Rat. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.3, pp.907-913. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000300040.

The microfibril-elastin fiber system, an important constituent of the extracellular matrix, was studied in the rat left atrioventricular valve to investigate the interrelationship of oxytalan, elaunin and elastic fibers in left atrioventricular valve morphology. The elastin fibers forms continuous bundles observed along the length of the valve in atrial and ventricular layers and oriented parallel to endothelium. The elaunin and oxytalan fibers are distributed in the thickest fiber bundles along the length of the valve. The thinner fibers which radiated towards both the atrial and spongiosa layers, either as isolated or arborescent fiber bundles were identified as oxytalan fibers. With transmission electron microscopy elastic fibers were seen mainly in the atrial layer. The spongiosa layer was composed of elaunin and oxytalan fibers and ventricular layer showed elaunin fibers arranged in continuous bundles parallel to the endothelium. Both fibrillin and elastin were seen and identified by immunocytochemistry with colloidal gold in the left atrioventricular valve spongiosa and atrial layers. These observations allow us to suggest that the microfibril-elastin fiber system plays a role in the mechanical protection and maintenance of the integrity of the rat left atrioventricular valve.

Keywords : Elastic fibers; Elaunin fibers; Oxytalan fibers; Left atrioventricular valve.

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