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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

CAVALCANTI, George Maciel et al. Histochemistry and Morphometric Analysis of Muscle Fibers from Patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.3, pp.934-938. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000300046.

The aim of the study was to analyze the muscle fibers by histochemistry and morphometric methods from patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Muscle biopsies were taken from the vastus lateralis muscle of five boys between 13 and 15-years of age, with clinical diagnosis of DMD. The histochemistry was performed using myofibrillar ATPases (9.6, 4.6 and 4.3). To morphometrical analysis a computerized semiautomatic system and software Image-Lab was used. ATPase staining showed atrophy of muscle fibers. Fibrosis and adipose deposition occurred in variable degree depending of muscular involvement. The morphometrical analysis showed an increase of size (percentage) to type I fiber than other types in all patients. Furthermore, the type I fiber had a larger cross-sectional area and mean diameter than type IIa and IIb fibers. Both histochemistry and morphometric analysis could be important tools for qualitative and quantitative diagnostics of muscle fibers attacked in this type of disease.

Keywords : Histochemistry analysis; Morphometric analysis; Vastus lateralis muscle; Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

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