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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

LATORRE, E et al. Morphology Differentiation and Structural Functionality of Ewes Due to Incomplete Crossbreeding. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.3, pp.954-959. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000300049.

Most Chilean sheep stock comprises different degrees of crossbreeding over Corriedale breed. A common absorbent crossbreeding has been Australian Merino over Corriedale which, in many cases, has not been complete. The aim of this study was to evaluate the process of morphology differentiation and structural functionality of Corriedale ewes undergoing incomplete absorbent crossbreeding which was carried out in order to create an animal with a new morphology. A total of four hundred adult ewes were measured; two hundred belonging to the incomplete crossbreeding, and two hundred from the two original breeds (one hundred Corriedale and one hundred Australian Merino ewes). All measured ewes were randomly selected. Fourteen body measurements were recorded and nine body indexes were calculated for each ewe. Results show that a new biotype has been created from the absorbent crossbreeding of Corriedale by Australian Merino, which produced ewes with a clear morphological and structural functionality differentiation as compared to the two original breeds. The new body format shows morphostructural variability coefficients that are similar to those found on other formally recognized sheep breeds.

Keywords : Sheep; Breeding; Morphology.

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