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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

DEVECI, E et al. Ultrastructural Changes in the Kidney Cortex of Rats Treated with Lead Acetate. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.3, pp.1058-1061. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022011000300067.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the ultrastructural effects of lead on the kidney cortex of rats. Wistar Albino rats (180-200g body weight) were divided into a controlled and lead acetate-exposed group. Rats received lead acetate at 500 ppm in their drinking water for 60 days. Both groups were fed with the same standard food, but lead acetate was added to the drinking water. During the experimental period, blood samples were taken from the abdominal aorta of the anesthetised animals. At the end of exposure, body weight and blood lead levels were measured. The kidney tissue samples were prepared and analyzed by light and transmission electron microscopy. Cortical renal tubules show various degenerative changes with focal tubular necrosis invaded by inflammatory cells. The ultrastructural alterations found in lead acetate-treated rats were a diminution in the amount of filtration slits, increased fusion of foot processes in epithelial cells of the glomeruli, increase of lysosomal structures and pinocytic vesicles as well as large mitochondria in proximal tubule cells.

Keywords : Lead acetate; Kidney cortex; Ultrastructural changes.

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