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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

SIDORKEWICJ, Nora S  and  CASANAVE, Emma B. Morphology of the Middle Ear in Three Species of Armadillos (Dasypodidae, Xenarthra) from Argentina. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.4, pp.1500-1507. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000400038.

Middle ears of adult Chaetophractus villosus, C. vellerosus and Zaedyus pichiy were studied for qualitative and quantitative comparisons. A great similarity in the overall shape of the middle ear structures was observed in the three species. The well-developed auditory bulla was formed by the intimate fusion of the tympanic and entotympanic. Internally, a recessus meatus and a wide epitympanic recess extending dorsally into an epitympanic sinus were recognized. The petrosal promontorium, nearly triangular, was the most salient feature in the tympanic cavity. The auditory ossicles corresponded to the transitional middle ear type. The m. tensor tympani and the m. stapedius were conspicuous. The lack of a stapedial artery was confirmed in all cases. The tympanic area and middle ear ossicles were relatively larger in C. vellerosus than in the other two species. It is hoped that the results of the present paper coupled to the bullar hypertrophy found in a previous work will provide a significant basis for future functional studies on the hearing capabilities in the dasypodids.

Keywords : Chaetophractus villosus; Chaetophractus vellerosus; Zaedyus pichiy; Fossorial; Middle ear.

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