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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502


FUENTES, Ramón; BUCCHI, Cristina  and  CANTIN, Mario. A Study of Terms Used in Scientific Literature to Refer to the Extracapsular Ligaments of the Temporomandibular Joint: Part I: Ligamentum sphenomandibulare. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2014, vol.32, n.3, pp.981-986. ISSN 0717-9502.

Terminología Anatómica is currently the international standard for anatomical terminology, and establishes an internationally accepted and unified nomenclature for several anatomical structures. However, International Anatomical Terminology (IAT) is not always used correctly in scientific literature. The purpose of this review is to examine scientific literature in order to determine whether the terms that refer to the sphenomandibular ligament of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are being used correctly. Scientific books and articles were reviewed, and the terms used were compared with those established by the IAT. Our study found differences between the terms actually used (Synonyms) to refer to the sphenomandibular ligament and to the anatomical structures where the ligament originates and where it is inserted and those established by the IAT in Latin, English and some terms translated into Spanish. The use of eponyms and synonyms found, creates difficulties in communication between scientists and in the learning process of undergraduate students, who frequently use textbooks.

Keywords : Sphenomandibular ligament; Sphenomaxillary ligament; Anterior ligament of malleus; Discomalleolar ligament; Anatomical Terminology.

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