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International Journal of Morphology

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502

Resumen

ESPINOZA-NAVARRO, O  y  VALLE, S. Body Composition and the Effect of an Auxiliary Force Program to Prevent Injuries in Femoral quadriceps, Hamstrings and Biceps Femoris Muscles in Young College Players. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2014, vol.32, n.3, pp.1095-1100. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022014000300056.

The objective of this research was to determine the effects of a program of auxiliary force in the prevention of injuries to muscles: quadriceps femoris, hamstrings and biceps femoris in college football players of the city of Madrid, independent of the normal training program of university club. Twenty-four college players aged 19­28 years participated in the study, divided into experimental group (n=12) and control group (n= 12). In both groups, the displacement and the velocity (potency) were initially assessed through a motion transducer or "encoder". Then in experimental group was implemented a program of auxiliary force for 6 months. The Ethics/Bioethics Committee at the Universidad of Tarapacá, approved the protocols of this research. The results shown in the experimental group, with program of auxiliary forces a significant increase in gain strength/potency, relative to the control group, expressed in watts (1187.6±110.4 vs. 1011.6±110.4 respectively), the percentage recovery of force was 16.8% in the experimental group and 0.1larger than bifurcation aneurysms until they 7% in the control group. The percentage of injured players in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group (16.6% and 50% respectively). We conclude that preventive programs auxiliary force in football players 19 and 28 years are effective in preventing muscle injuries by the considerable gain strength/potency, providing great economic and sporting benefits. Therefore it is recommended include these programs of auxiliary force in all sports clubs.

Palabras clave : Muscular Injuries; Football; Quadriceps; Femoral Biceps; Spain.

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