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International Journal of Morphology

versão On-line ISSN 0717-9502

Resumo

VILLANUEVA, Pía et al. Dental Morphological Markers as a Proxy for Ethnicity in Robinson Crusoe Islanders. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2015, vol.33, n.2, pp.538-543. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022015000200021.

Chilean Robinson Crusoe Island is a semi-isolated location with unusually high rates of both consanguinity and language disorder. The current population of 633 inhabitants is descended almost exclusively from the colonization at the end of the 19th century, as there were few preceding immigrations to the island. This study investigates the genetic composition and degree of miscegenation within the island population, using dental morphological markers. The universe of island children was studied (n= 128, 3 to 15 years of age) using clinical exams, dental cast, and identification of each individual within a previously-constructed extensive genealogy for the island. The frequencies for Carabelli's cusp (61.7%), shovel-shaped incisor (9.4%), and sixth cusp (2.3%), along with the absence of seventh cusp, are consistent with a primarily Caucasian population. The estimated degree of miscegenation suggests an Amerindian component of 4.3%, which is consistent with the extensive known genealogies of the founders. Characterizing the genetic profile of Robinson Crusoe Island, a location with a remarkably high prevalence of language disorder, facilitates the comparison of the genetic variants underlying this pathology with those identified in European populations.

Palavras-chave : Dental morphological markers; Carabelli's cusp; Shovel-shaped incisor; Robinson Crusoe Island.

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