SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.36 issue1Orthopedic Implications of the Corona Mortis: A Case ReportDifferences in Anthropometric Characteristics, Somatotype Components, and Functional Abilities Among Young Elite Kosovo Soccer Players Based on Team Position author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

MORALES, Natalia  and  TORO-IBACACHE, Viviana. The Transition to Agriculture and Industrialization Changed the Human Face. Can Vegetarianism be a New Factor of Change?. Review of the Literature. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2018, vol.36, n.1, pp.35-40. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022018000100035.

Approximately eleven thousand years ago humans beings went from feeding on animals they hunted or fished and fruits and plants they gathered, to crops they could grow through agriculture. This change dramatically altered the shape of the skull, particularly the face, which became more gracile, and also reduced the contribution of key nutrients. Along with industrialization, there was great deterioration of oral health. Leaving behind the hunter-gatherer diet has even been attributed to the origins of dental malocclusions, as masticatory stress was reduce, and reducing the size of the maxilla and mandible with respect to the teeth. Nowadays, there is greater awareness in the general population regarding personal care and their surroundings. Diets that exclude certain types of foods such as animal products are becoming more prevalent. The vegetarian diet has several characteristics that can affect metabolism, particularly the bones, as did the change from hunter-gatherer to agriculture in the past. The present review seeks to analyze the changes of the human diet, from the nutritional and mechanical point of view and how these have affected the shape of the face. This in order to understand the possible effects of the introduction of restrictive type feeds, such as the vegetarian diet in the body, particularly in facial anatomy.

Keywords : Vegetarianism; Chewing; Nutrition; Craniofacial Shape; Dietary Changes.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )