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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

HECHT-LOPEZ, Pedro  and  LARRAZABAL-MIRANDA, Andrea. Use of New Technological Resources in the Teaching of a Clinical Anatomy Course for Medicine Students. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2018, vol.36, n.3, pp.821-828. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022018000300821.

The use of technological resources as assisting material in the teaching of human anatomy has been referenced in Chile since the 19th century with the first artificial anatomical model. In conjunction with traditional lectures and classical texts on the subject during practical work, the student was presented with a series of strictly anatomical contents that would later be evaluated. This teaching methodology was maintained until well into the 20th century. Subsequently, medical technology progress and innovation was integrated in clinical practice over the last decades. Further, knowledge of anatomical structures, in terms of their representation in exams obtained through medical imaging techniques was also consolidated. For this reason for the education of the new generations of medical doctors, a gradual update was required. These included basic clinical content literature, a teaching methodology with student participation, and use of materials for practical work to achieve learning techniques that would be useful in later courses. Prior to the beginning of the school year, the School of Medicine of the Universidad de Tarapacá acquired state of the art material to complement teaching in practical anatomy work for its anatomy laboratory. This article describes implementation of the new technological resources for educational support in anatomy for our school of medicine, among these are: anatomical models printed in three dimensions (3D) Erler-Zimmer®, synthetic human cadaver Syndaver®, SECTRA® 3D digital dissection table and complementary workstation. All of this material will be used in conjunction with other traditional resources when teaching anatomy, so as to provide an overall view of the contents in this subject area.

Keywords : 3D Print; Anatomical Model; Digital disection; Synthetic cadaver; Medical education.

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